Alishan Forest Railway
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Mainline, Forestry, Sugar and Colliery Railways and Trams
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Taiwan Railway Administration (TRA)

Quick links to :-     Taiwan Railway Administration     Alishan Forest Railway     Taiwan Sugar Railways
Taiwan's Collieries     Kaohsiung Trams     Around the Island

The 2' 6" East Coast Mainline

Taiwan's East Coast mainline was isolated from the West Coast system and Taipei as it used the same 2' 6" gauge as the logging railways and tramways which provided most of its traffic. It was converted to 3' 6" gauge through the 1970s and a unified gauge around the island was completed in 1982, most of which is now also electrified.

Taiwan's Locomotives

The first and the oldest

The first locomotive in Taiwan was appropriately No 1,'Teng-Yuan', built by Hohenzollern of Germany, works no. 445 of 1887. However it isn't the oldest. That privilege belongs to No 9, built by Avonside of Bristol, works no. 835 of 1871. No 9 first worked in Japan and was sent to Taiwan a few years later.

Steam Locomotives

3' 6" is the 'standard' gauge for Taiwanese railways though the high speed lines are the normal standard gauge.

Diesel Locomotives

Diesel Railcars on the Neiwan line

Diesel Railcars on the Jingtong line

Diesel Multiple Units

Electric Locomotives and Multiple Units

Along the lines

Alishan Forest Railway

Quick links to :-     Taiwan Railway Administration     Alishan Forest Railway     Taiwan Sugar Railways
Taiwan's Collieries     Kaohsiung Trams     Around the Island

Rolling Stock

18 ton 'Shay' Steam Locomotives

12 built by Lima 2351 in 1910
13 built by Lima 2352 in 1910
18 built by Lima 2634 in 1913

28 ton 'Shay' Steam Locomotives

23 built by Lima 2714 in 1913
24 built by Lima 2724 in 1913
25 built by Lima 2787 in 1914
28 built by Lima 2790 in 1914
29 built by Lima 2791 in 1914
31 built by Lima 2946 in 1917
32 built by Lima 2947 in 1917

The original diesel locomotives

11403-1 and 11403-2 (now DL2), 0-6-0D, built by Mitsubishi 810/11 in 1953
11403-3 and 11403-5, Bo-Bo, built by Mitsubishi 863/64 in 1955

The first series of modern diesel locomotives

DL25 to DL30 built by Mitsubishi in 1969 and DL31 to DL34 built by Mitsubishi in 1972

The second series of modern diesel locomotives

DL35 to DL37 built by Orenstein & Koppel 26806 in 1976, 26884-5 in 1977, all retired from service

The third series of modern diesel locomotives

DL38 to DL43 built by Nippon Sharyo in 1980/82
DL45 to DL46 built by Nippon Sharyo in 2006
DL47 to DL51 built by Taiwan Rolling Stock in 2007.

Other locomotives and railcars

DPC1, DPC7/DPC8 and DPC11
Allegedly DL42 at Chukuo Visitor Centre appears to be a mock-up as the real DL42 is still working
Kato 7 ton shunter built in 1926 and a 'Wickham' type trolley '3'

Other Vehicles

Along the line

Along the line

Landslide and typhoon damage

Landslides from major typhoons in 2009 and 2015 have split the line in two. this shows some of the damage that can be seen from Alishan Station. we were told a tunnel diverson was being built.

Alishan Log Hauler

This log hauler and its kingpost are at Zhaoping Station. I've read somewhere that it may have been made by 'Willamette' in the USA and has four cylinders rather than the usual two. Unfortunately I can't remember where I found this information.

Acknowledgments, sources and further reading.

Citycat's Taiwanese website
Blair's Taiwanese website and click on 'Translate'

A Guide to the Website

All rights reserved - Phil Jenkins