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The Limekilns of Fuerteventura (Hornos de Cal)

Quick links to :-     Fuerteventura Limekilns     The Canary Islands     Corsica     Mallorca     Minorca

Fuerteventura is not noted for it's mineral wealth. However the island does seem to have high-quality limestone and,using it wisely, a great many limekilns or 'Hornos de Cal' in Spanish. Some of the 300 that are estimated to have existed in the island have been restored, but by 1970 cement replaced lime, doing away with the office of the lime merchants, which began on the island around 1641. The two types of lime on the island are :-
“Albeo” Lime : used to whiten walls. It is an organic lime obtained from large sedimentary deposits of shells of marine animals. It is usually found by the coast. Higher temperature and longer cooking time is needed to get that king of lime.
Chemical Lime or lime stone: it’s found in the interior of the island, a few inches deep, and is used for construction, to purify water cisterns …

Similarly there are two types of kiln :-
“Caleras” or domestic wood kilns: mainly in the villages of the interior. Gorse, tamarisks and “matos” were used as fuel. They had a low production capacity per batch and the lime was destined to internal or domestic consumption. These kilns are circular and their height did not exceed 4m.
Coal-fired industrial kilns: also called continuous kilns, due to their production without interruption. They had a great capacity for lime production. They are usually rectangular and can reach 8 to 12 m high.

Isla de Lobos

Three of the four kilns on the Isla de Lobos survive, the Atalaya Grande, Las Lagunitas and Calera kilns. I believe this is the Las Lagunitas kiln

Ajuy

The coastal limekilns at Ajuy are different to any other kilns on the island, as they were dug straight into the cliff face above the sea. They are about 12 m deep and 3m in diameter. The boats that transported the finished lime drew up immediately below them in a narrow channel in the rocks.

Caleta de Fuste

Caleta de Fuste was an important port for lime with some impressive and well-preserved beachside kilns. There are three sets of kilns, one triple pot, one single pot and one double pot set in the beach-front gardens to the South of the main town. They are quite proud of them as they are signposted off the main road.

La Laja Pereda

La Laja Pereda is a small cove to the South of the Salt Museum at Salinas del Carmen. At the cove was a large, chunky three-pot kiln right on the waterline. Unfortunately the seaward kiln has almost collapsed. Beyond the cove there are a coupe of small kilns, the smallest one has almost disappeared.

Gran Tarajal

One large industrial kiln on the outskirts of the town which was built in 1953 according to the datestone. A couple of smaller kilns can be found further inland beside the FV511 / FV4 road junction and one on the FV520 road.

Other Locations

Other limekilns I've heard about are :-
Four at Toston and at least one at Centolo Negro, near El Cotillo,
Puerto de Cabras, Hondura and “El Charco” in Puerto del Rosario
Plus many more dotted around I'm sure.

The Canary Islands

Quick links to :-     Fuerteventura Limekilns     The Canary Islands     Corsica     Mallorca     Minorca

Fuerteventura

Other than dozens of limekilns, there doesn't seem much else to see on Fuerteventura but the museum in Antigua is worth a visit and the caves at Ajuy, rumoured to be a secret German base in WW2 with a blocked-off tunnel from the village.

Gran Canaria and La Gomera

Mostly ships but I did find a fragment of the electric tramway in Las Palmas and a windmill on La Gomera.

Tenerife

Not much to do in a day on Tenerife except get a day ticket for the trams....

Corsica

Quick links to :-     Fuerteventura Limekilns     The Canary Islands     Corsica     Mallorca     Minorca

Ajaccio Station

Another cruise, another day and the 12:10 pm arrival is still arriving but a little later and now in the hands of the new 'Panoramique' railcars.

June 2007

A cruise and a day on land in Ajaccio, just in time to see the 12:10 pm. arrival from the other end of the island. As it was running a little late, it gave me time to look at their brand-new 'Panoramique' railcar, delivered two days ago.

Mallorca (or Majorca)

Quick links to :-     Fuerteventura Limekilns     The Canary Islands     Corsica     Mallorca     Minorca

The Soller Railway

from Soller town to the outskirts of Palma, as far as we could go in 2016 by coach.

Soller Railway

from Palma to Soller town, my first visit in 2003.

The Soller Tramway

Passing throught the square and streets of Soller town.

Soller town

A small factory or mill near the tramway depot

TIB, The Mallorca Railway

The new line to Manacor

Ibiza and Formentera

The saltpans on Formentera used this 750mm narrow-gauge loco, believed to have been built by Krauss.

Minorca

Quick links to :-     Fuerteventura Limekilns     The Canary Islands     Corsica     Mallorca     Minorca

An old well on the coast at Cala Turqueta

And a couple of very big guns at La Mola Fort, just outside Mahon

Acknowledgments, sources and further reading.

Thanks for addition information to :- 'Fuerte Charter' History Blog for details of the Fuerteventura limekiln industry.


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